There are four major types of learning styles, the first of which is referred to as visual learning. Visual learners focus best when they’re presented with outside visual stimuli. Teachers use graphs, pictures, and illustrations to help the students work better and learn new tasks. The traits commonly associated with these learners are the ability to visualize things quickly and good instincts on how to proceed on a project. They also prefer to work things out on their own and create their own visual aids to help with their learning. For example, they may create graphs or pie charts to memorize statistics.
Auditory learners need to hear the words and figures spoken out loud to truly comprehend, process, and understand the information. They remember things relating to the sounds and noise of situations, rather than what people looked like or what happened in the moment. These individuals also need to have noise around when they’re learning. A good example of this is the person who needs the radio or television playing when they’re studying or working on a paper. These individuals also move their lips or talk softly when working alone, love to talk, and often tell stories.
Kinesthetic learners need to involve themselves and their hands in the process to learn new things. They have problems processing information when it’s spoken to them or when they watch others doing something. They need to work through the process on their own by getting their hands dirty. These individuals need to focus their mind on two things at once to learn such as studying while listening to the radio. They'll typically do well at things that require motion such as acting and sports.
The fourth type of learning is referred to as reading and writing preference learners. As the name states, these learners learn best by reading and writing down information. During lectures and classes they'll take in depth and intricate notes. They'll also write notes in the margins of their textbooks, or keep notes of their readings in a separate notebook. These individuals typically excel in creative writing, but are fairly shy in large groups or when around strangers.
There are also many resources for those interested in kinesthetic learning. A few of the better ones are Kinesthetic Learning, The Physical (Bodily-Kinesthetic) Learning Style, Tactile Learning, and Kinesthetic Learners.
For more information on reading-writing preference learners as well as other types of learning, see Learning Styles here. These websites discuss different learning styles and what works best for reading and writing learners.